Muhammad Ittefaq, M.A.

Phone: (207) 249-4359




University of Kansas (Lawrence, United States)

Ph.D. in Journalism and Mass Communications, Summer 2022. Advisor Prof. Dr. Hyunjin Seo

Technical University of Ilmenau (Ilmenau, Germany)

M.S. in Media and Communication Science, July 2018. Advisors Prof. Dr. Martin Löffelholz & Dr. Falk Hartig

University of the Punjab (Lahore, Pakistan)

M.Sc. in Communication Studies, December 2015. Advisors Dr. Amir Mehmood Bajwa & Dr. Shafiq Ahmed Kamboh

University of the Punjab (Lahore, Pakistan)

B.A. in History and Political Science, August 2013


Peer-Reviewed Articles

  1. Kamboh, S.A., Ittefaq, M., & Yousaf, M. (2022). Editorial journalism and environmental issues in the majority world. International Journal of Communication, 16, 2646-2668.
  2. Ittefaq, M., Seo, H., Abwao, M., & Baines, A. (2022). Social media use for health, cultural characteristics, and demographics: A survey of Pakistani millennials. Digital Health, 8, 1-12.
  3. Ittefaq, M., & Kamboh, S. A. (2022). COVID-19 and national images: the case of #ResignModi. Place Branding and Public Diplomacy, 18(1), 15-17.
  4. Ittefaq, M., Abwao, M., Baines, A., & Belmas, G., Kamboh, S.A., & Figueroa, E. (2022). A pandemic of hate: Social representations of COVID-19 in the media. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 22(1), 225-252.
  5. Baines, A., Ittefaq, M., & Abwao, M. (2022). Social media for social support: A study of international graduate students in the U.S. Journal of International Students, 12(2).
  6. Kamboh, S.A., Ittefaq, M., & Sahi, A. (2021). Journalistic routines as factors promoting COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in Pakistan. Third World Quarterly, 43(1), 278-287.
  7. Shah, S.F.A., Ginossar, T., & Ittefaq, M. (2021). “We always report under pressure”: Professionalism and journalistic identity among regional journalists in a conflict zone. Journalism.
  8. Ittefaq, M., Abwao, M., & Kamboh, S.A. (2021). COVID-19 vaccine selfie: Why does it matter? American Journal of Health Education, 52(6), 360-363.
  9. Ejaz, W., Ittefaq, M., & Arif, M. (2021). Understanding influences, misinformation, and fact-checking concerning climate-change journalism in Pakistan. Journalism Practice, 16(2-3), 404-424.
  10. Ittefaq, M., Kamboh, S.A., & Abwao, M. (2021). COVID-19 vaccine selfie: A modest endeavor to increase vaccine acceptance. Psychology & Health.
  11. Ittefaq, M., Ejaz, W., Jamil, S., Iqbal, A., & Arif, R. (2021). Discriminated in society and marginalized in media: Social representation of Christian sanitary workers in Pakistan. Journalism Practice.
  12. Ittefaq, M., Ejaz. W., Fahmy, S. F., & Sheikh, A. (2021). Converged journalism: Practices and influences in Pakistan. Media International Australia, 181(1), 167-182.
  13. Abwao, M., Ittefaq, M., Baines, A., & Liu, P. (2021). “The disabled community is still waiting for equality”: What do users have to say about sexual reproductive health of persons with disabilities in online news comments. Frontiers in Communication, 6.
  14. Ejaz, W., Ittefaq, M., Seo, H., & Naz, F. (2021). Factors associated with the belief in COVID-19 related conspiracy theories in Pakistan. Health, Risk, & Society, 23(3-4), 162-178.
  15. Ittefaq, M., Ahmed, Z.S., & Pantoja, Y.I.M. (2021). China’s Belt and Road Initiative and soft power in Pakistan: An examination of the local English-language press. Place Branding and Public Diplomacy, 1-14.
  16. Baines, A., Ittefaq, M., & Abwao, M. (2021). #Scamdemic, #Plandemic, or #Scaredemic: What Parler social media platform tells us about COVID-19 vaccine. Vaccines, 9(5), 421.
  17. Laeeq, M. L., Ittefaq, M., Pantoja, Y. I. M., Malik, A., & Raziq, M. M. (2021). Public engagement model to analyze digital diplomacy on Twitter: A social media analytics framework. International Journal of Communication, 15, 1741-1769.
  18. Ittefaq, M., Abwao, M., & Rafique, S. (2021). Polio vaccine misinformation on social media: Turning point in the fight against polio eradication in Pakistan. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, 17(8), 2575-2577.
  19. Ittefaq, M., Baines, A., Abwao, M., Shah, S.F.A., & Ramzan, T. (2020). “Does Pakistan still have polio cases?”: Exploring discussions on polio and polio vaccine in online news comments in Pakistan. Vaccine, 39(3), 480-486.
  20. Arafat, S.Y., Shoib, S., Marthoenis, M., Kar, K.S., Menon, V., Ittefaq, M., & Kabir, R. (2020). Media reporting of suicide in Muslim countries. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 23(10), 941-944.
  21. Ittefaq, M., Hussain, S. A., & Fatima, M. (2020). COVID-19 and social-politics of medical misinformation on social media in Pakistan. Media Asia, 47(1-2), 75-80.
  22. Ejaz, W., & Ittefaq, M. (2020). Data for understanding trust in varied information sources, use of news media, and perception of misinformation regarding COVID-19 in Pakistan. Data in Brief, 32, 106091.
  23. Ittefaq, M. (2019). Digital diplomacy via social networks: A cross-national analysis of governmental usage of Facebook and Twitter for digital engagement. Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia18(1), 49-69.
  24. Ahmad, T., Alvi, A., & Ittefaq, M. (2019). The use of social media on political participation among university students: An analysis of survey results from rural Pakistan. SAGE Open, 9(3), 1-9.
  25. Kamboh, S. A., & Ittefaq, M. (2019). Newspaper suicide reporting in a Muslim country: Analysis of violations and compliance with international guidelines. Journal of Media Ethics34(1), 2-14.
  26. Ittefaq, M. (2019). Revisiting news value theory in the age of globalization. Journal of Media Studies33(2), 81-100.
  27. Ittefaq, M., & Iqbal, A. (2018). Digitization of the health sector in Pakistan: challenges and opportunities to online health communication: A case study of MARHAM social and mobile media. Digital Health4.
  28. Ittefaq, M., & Ahmad, T. (2018). Representation of Islam And Muslims on social media: A discourse analysis of Facebook. Journal of Media Critiques [JMC]4(13),39-52.

Honors and Awards

I have received a number of awards for my studies. They include:

  • 2022: Mugur V. and Anca Geana Research Award from William Allen White School of Journalism and Mass Communications
  • 2021: Carolyn Stroman Award from AEJMC’s Minorities & Communication Division.
  • 2021: AEJMC’s ComSHER Graduate Student Comp Conference Registration Award 2021.
  • 2020-2021: KU William Allen White School of Journalism and Mass Communications Most Productive Researcher Award.
  • 2020-2021: KU William Allen White School of Journalism and Mass Communications Robert P. Sigman Family Scholarship.
  • 2019-2020: KU William Allen White School of Journalism and Mass Communications Scholarship Award.
  • 2018: Society of Professional Journalists Dori Maynard Diversity Fellowship, Funded by Sigma Delta Chi Foundation.
  • 2018: Exchange Program for Regional Integration in East Asia and Europe (EPRIE) in Poland, Belgium, & Germany, Funded by Robert Bosch Stiftung and Friedrich Ebert Stiftung.
  • 2017-2018: Deutschlandstipendium (Germany Scholarship) holder for MS Media and Communication Science, Technical University Ilmenau, Germany.
  • 2014: Summer School Exchange Program, Funded by DAAD, Erfurt University Germany.
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